ACI 504R-90

The introduction of joints creates openings which must be sealed in order to prevent passage of gases, liquids or other unwanted substances into or through the openings.

In buildings, to protect the occupants and the contents, it is important to prevent intrusion of wind and rain. In tanks, most canals, pipes and dams, joints must be sealed to prevent the contents from being lost. Moreover, in most structures exposed to the weather the concrete itself must be protected against the possibility of damage from freezing and thawing, wetting and drying, leaching or erosion caused by any concentrated or excessive influx of water at joints. Foreign solid matter, including ice, must be prevented from collecting in open joints; otherwise, the joints cannot close freely later. Should this happen, high stresses may be generated and damage to the concrete may occur. In industrial floors, the concrete at the edges of joints often needs the protection of a filler or sealant between armored faces capable of preventing damage from impact of concentrated loads such as steel-wheeled traffic. In recent years, concern over the spread of flames, smoke and toxic fumes has made the fire resistance of joint sealing systems a consideration, especially in high-rise buildings. The specific function of sealants is to prevent the intrusion of liquids (sometimes under pressure), solids or gases, and to protect the concrete against damage. In certain applications secondary functions are to improve thermal and acoustical installations, damp vibrations or prevent unwanted matter from collecting in crevices. Sealants must often perform their prime function, while subject to repeated contractions and expansions as the joint opens and closes and while exposed to heat, cold, moisture, sunlight, and sometimes, aggressive chemicals.


HOA approved and recommended